Description

The align_refs step is one of the coronagraphic-specific steps in the coron sub-package that is part of Stage 3 calwebb_coron3 processing. It computes offsets between science target images and reference PSF images, and shifts the PSF images into alignment. This is performed on a per-integration basis for both the science target data and the reference PSF data. Each integration contained in the stacked PSF data (the result of the stack_refs) step is aligned to each integration within a given science target exposure. This results in a new product for each science target exposure that contains a stack of individual PSF images that have been aligned to each integration in the science target exposure.

Shifts between each PSF and target image are computed using the scipy.optimize.leastsq function. A 2D mask, supplied via a PSFMASK reference file, is used to indicate pixels to ignore when performing the minimization in the leastsq routine. The mask acts as a weighting function in performing the fit. Alignment of a PSF image is performed using the scipy.ndimage.fourier_shift function and the computed sub-pixel offsets.

Arguments

The align_refs step has two optional arguments:

--median_box_length (integer, default=3)

The box size to use when replacing bad pixels with the median in a surrounding box.

--bad_bits (string, default=”DO_NOT_USE”)

The DQ bit values from the input image DQ arrays that should be considered bad and replaced with the median in a surrounding box. For example, setting to "OUTLIER, SATURATED" (or equivalently "16, 2" or "18") will treat all pixels flagged as OUTLIER or SATURATED as bad, while setting to "" or None will treat all pixels as good and omit any bad pixel replacement.

Inputs

The align_refs step takes 2 inputs: a science target exposure containing a 3D stack of calibrated per-integration images and a “_psfstack” product containing a 3D stack of reference PSF images. If the target or PSF images have any of the data quality flags set to those specified by the bad_bits argument, these pixels are replaced with the median value of a region around the flagged data. The size of the box region to use for the replacement can also be specified. These corrected images are used in the align_refs step and passed along for subsequent processing.

3D calibrated images

Data model

CubeModel

File suffix

_calints

One of the science target exposures specified in the ASN file used as input to the calwebb_coron3 pipeline. This should be a “_calints” product from the calwebb_image2 pipeline and contains a 3D stack of per-integration images.

3D stacked PSF images

Data model

CubeModel

File suffix

_psfstack

A “_psfstack” product created by the stack_refs step, which contains the collection of all PSF images to be used, in the form of a 3D image stack.

Outputs

4D aligned PSF images

Data model

QuadModel

File suffix

_psfalign

The output is a 4D data model, where the 3rd axis has length equal to the total number of reference PSF images in the input PSF stack and the 4th axis has length equal to the number of integrations in the input science target product (ncols x nrows x npsfs x nints). Image[n,m] in the 4D data is the n th PSF image aligned to the m th science target integration. The file name is exposure-based, using the input science target exposure name as the root, with the addition of the association candidate ID and the “_psfalign” product type suffix, e.g. “jw8607342001_02102_00001_nrcb3_a3001_psfalign.fits.”

Reference Files

The align_refs step uses a PSFMASK reference file.

PSFMASK Reference File

REFTYPE

PSFMASK

Data model

PsfMaskModel

The PSFMASK reference file contains a 2-D mask that’s used as a weight function when computing shifts between images.

Reference Selection Keywords for PSFMASK

CRDS selects appropriate PSFMASK references based on the following keywords. PSFMASK is not applicable for instruments not in the table. All keywords used for file selection are required.

Instrument

Keywords

MIRI

INSTRUME, FILTER, CORONMSK, SUBARRAY, DATE-OBS, TIME-OBS

NIRCam

INSTRUME, FILTER, CORONMSK, SUBARRAY, DATE-OBS, TIME-OBS

Standard Keywords

The following table lists the keywords that are required to be present in all reference files. The first column gives the FITS keyword names. The second column gives the jwst data model name for each keyword, which is useful when using data models in creating and populating a new reference file. The third column gives the equivalent meta tag in ASDF reference file headers, which is the same as the name within the data model meta tree (second column).

FITS Keyword

Data Model Name

ASDF meta tag

AUTHOR

model.meta.author

author

DATAMODL

model.meta.model_type

model_type

DATE

model.meta.date

date

DESCRIP

model.meta.description

description

FILENAME

model.meta.filename

N/A

INSTRUME

model.meta.instrument.name

instrument: {name}

PEDIGREE

model.meta.pedigree

pedigree

REFTYPE

model.meta.reftype

reftype

TELESCOP

model.meta.telescope

telescope

USEAFTER

model.meta.useafter

useafter

NOTE: More information on standard required keywords can be found here: Standard Required Keywords

Type Specific Keywords for PSFMASK

In addition to the standard reference file keywords listed above, the following keywords are required in PSFMASK reference files, because they are used as CRDS selectors (see Reference Selection Keywords for PSFMASK):

Keyword

Data Model Name

FILTER

model.meta.instrument.filter

CORONMSK

model.meta.instrument.coronagraph

SUBARRAY

model.meta.subarray.name

Reference File Format

PSFMASK reference files are FITS format, with 1 IMAGE extension. The FITS primary HDU does not contain a data array. The format and content of the file is as follows:

EXTNAME

XTENSION

NAXIS

Dimensions

Data type

SCI

IMAGE

2

ncols x nrows

float

The values in the SCI array give the mask values to be applied to the images when computing relative shifts. The mask acts as a weighting function when performing Fourier fits. The values range from zero (full weighting) to one (pixel completely masked out).