# ASDF Configuration Files¶

The format of choice to use for step configuration files. ASDF stands for “Advanced Scientific Data Format”, a general purpose, non-proprietary, and system-agnostic format for the dissemination of data. Built on YAML, the most basic file is text-based requiring minimal formatting.

ASDF replaces the original CFG format for step configuration. Using ASDF allows the configurations to be stored and retrieved from CRDS, selecting the best configuration for a given set of criteria, such as instrument and observation mode.

To create a configuration file, the most direct way is to choose the Pipeline class, Step class, or already existing .asdf or .cfg file, and run that step using the --save-parameters option. For example, to get the parameters for the Spec2Pipeline pipeline, do the following:

$strun jwst.pipeline.Spec2Pipeline jw00017001001_01101_00001_nrs1_uncal.fits --save-parameters my_spec2.asdf  Once created and modified as necessary, the file can now be used by strun to run the step/pipeline with the desired parameters: $ strun my_spec2.asdf jw00017001001_01101_00001_nrs1_uncal.fits


The remaining sections will describe the file format and contents.

## File Contents¶

To describe the contents of an ASDF file, the configuration for the step CubeBuildStep will be used as the example:

#ASDF 1.0.0
#ASDF_STANDARD 1.3.0
%YAML 1.1
%TAG ! tag:stsci.edu:asdf/
--- !core/asdf-1.1.0
asdf_library: !core/software-1.0.0 {author: Space Telescope Science Institute, homepage: 'http://github.com/spacetelescope/asdf',
name: asdf, version: 2.4.2}
history:
entries:
- !core/history_entry-1.0.0 {description: Base values, time: !!timestamp '2019-10-29
21:20:50'}
extensions:
extension_class: asdf.extension.BuiltinExtension
software: {name: asdf, version: 2.4.2}
meta:
author: SPECIFY AUTHOR
date: '2019-10-29T16:02:59.377'
description: Parameters for calibration step SPECIFY
filename: pars-cubebuildstep.asdf
instrument: {name: SPECIFY}
model_type: StepParsModel
origin: STScI
pedigree: SPECIFY PEDIGREE
reftype: pars-cubebuildstep
telescope: JWST
useafter: SPECIFY
parameters: {band: all, channel: all, class: jwst.cube_build.cube_build_step.CubeBuildStep,
coord_system: world, filter: all, grating: all, name: CubeBuildStep, output_type: band,
output_use_model: true, rois: 0.0, roiw: 0.0, scale1: 0.0, scale2: 0.0, scalew: 0.0,
search_output_file: false, single: false, skip_dqflagging: false, weight_power: 2.0,
weighting: msm}
...


### Required Components¶

#### Preamble¶

The first 5 lines, up to and including the “—” line, define the file as an ASDF file. The rest of the file is formatted as one would format YAML data. Being YAML, the last line, containing the three ... is essential.

#### Parameters¶

A step configuration requires one key, called parameters, which contains all the parameters to pass onto the step.

The only key required in the parameters block is class. This defines which Step or Pipeline the parameters belong to. This key is used by strun to determine which class to actually execute when given a configuration file.

Another key that will often be seen is name. This defines an alias to use for the class referenced by the class key. Pipelines use this alias to refer to their sub-steps.

All other keys are the parameters and their values to be used when the step/pipeline is run. The order of the parameters does not matter. Except for the class key, no other parameter needs to be specified. If not defined, the default, as defined in the code, will be used.

##### Formatting¶

YAML has two ways of formatting a list of key/value pairs. In the above example, the formatting is very similar to how a Python dict would be defined. The other way is by simply splitting out all the key/value pairs on separate lines. For example, the parameters block above could also have been formatted as:

parameters:
band: all
channel: all
class: jwst.cube_build.cube_build_step.CubeBuildStep
coord_system: world
filter: all
grating: all
name: CubeBuildStep
output_type: band
output_use_model: true
rois: 0.0
roiw: 0.0
scale1: 0.0
scale2: 0.0
scalew: 0.0
search_output_file: false
single: false
skip_dqflagging: false
weight_power: 2.0
weighting: msm


### Optional Components¶

The meta and history blocks are necessary only when the configuration file is to be used as a parameter reference file in CRDS. See Configuration as Reference File below.

### Completeness¶

For any configuration file, it is not necessary to specify all step/pipeline parameters. Any parameter left unspecified will get, at least, the default value define in the step’s code. If a parameter is defined without a default value, and the parameter is never assigned a value, an error will be produced when the step is executed.

Remember that parameter values can come from numerous sources. Refer to Parameter Precedence for a full listing of how parameters can be set.

From the CubeBuildStep example, if all that needed to change is the weight_power parameter with a setting of 4.0, the parameters block need only contain the following:

parameters:
class: jwst.cube_build.cube_build_step.CubeBuildStep
weight_power: 4.0


### Pipeline Configuration¶

Pipelines are essentially steps that refer to sub-steps. As in the original cfg format, parameters for sub-steps can also be specified. All sub-step parameters appear in a key called steps. Sub-step parameters are specified by using the sub-step name as the key, then underneath and indented, the parameters to change for that sub-step. For example, to define the weight_power of the cube_build step in a Spec2Pipeline configuration file, the parameter block would look as follows:

parameters:
class: jwst.pipeline.Spec2Pipeline
name: calwebb_spec2
steps:
cube_build:
weight_power: 4.0


As with step configuration files, not all sub-steps need to be specified. If left unspecified, the sub-steps will be run with their default parameter sets. For the example above, the other steps of Spec2Pipeline, such as assign_wcs and photom would still be executed.

Similarly, to skip a particular step, one would specify skip: true for that substep. Continuing from the above example, to skip the msa_flagging step, the configuration file would look like:

parameters:
class: jwst.pipeline.Spec2Pipeline
name: calwebb_spec2
steps:
msa_flagging:
skip: true
cube_build:
weight_power: 4.0


## Python API¶

Configuration files can be created and modified through the use of the asdf package. The example below demonstrates how to create, from scratch, the Spec2Pipeline configuration file shown in the above example:

import asdf

parameters = {'class': 'jwst.pipeline.Spec2Pipeline',
'name': 'calwebb_spec2', 'steps': {
'msa_flagging': {'skip': True},
'cube_build': {'weight_power': 4.0}}
}

cfg = asdf.AsdfFile({'parameters': parameters})
cfg.write_to('my_spec2_weight_40.asdf')


The following example show modifying the weight_power value to 8.0:

import asdf

cfg = asdf.open('my_spec2_weight_40.asdf')

cfg['parameters']['steps']['cube_build']['weight_power'] = 8.0

cfg.write_to('my_spec2_weight_80.asdf')


## Configuration as Reference File¶

### META Block¶

When a configuration file is to be ingested into CRDS, there is another key required, meta, which defines the information needed by CRDS to select a configuration file. A basic reference configuration will look as follows:

#ASDF 1.0.0
#ASDF_STANDARD 1.3.0
%YAML 1.1
%TAG ! tag:stsci.edu:asdf/
--- !core/asdf-1.1.0
history:
entries:
- !core/history_entry-1.0.0 {description: Base values, time: !!timestamp '2019-10-29
21:20:50'}
extensions:
extension_class: asdf.extension.BuiltinExtension
software: {name: asdf, version: 2.4.2}
meta:
author: Alfred E. Neuman
date: '2019-07-17T10:56:23.456'
description: MakeListStep parameters
instrument: {name: GENERIC}
pedigree: GROUND
reftype: pars-makeliststep
telescope: JWST
title: MakeListStep default parameters
useafter: '1990-04-24T00:00:00'
parameters:
class: jwst.stpipe.tests.steps.MakeListStep
...


All of the keys under meta are required, most of which are self-explanatory. For more information, refer to the CRDS documentation.

The one keyword to explain further is reftype. This is what CRDS uses to determine which reference file is being sought after. For step configurations, this has the format pars-<step_name> where <step_name> will be the Python class name, in lowercase.

### History¶

Parameter reference files also require at least one history entry. This can be found in the history block under entries:

history:
entries:
- !core/history_entry-1.0.0 {description: Base values, time: !!timestamp '2019-10-29
21:20:50'}


It is highly suggested to use the Python API to add history entries:

>>> import asdf
>>> cfg = asdf.open('config.asdf')
#
# Modify cfg['parameters'] as necessary
#
>>> cfg.add_history_entry('Parameters modified for some reason')
>>> cfg.write_to('config_modified.asdf')